Bob Ippolito (@etrepum) on Haskell, Python, Erlang, JavaScript, etc.
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Determining the number of common bytes at the beginning of N files

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I have a need to compare binary files that are slightly different. I haven't found or written any particularly good tools yet, but here is a script that prints the number of bytes N files have in common before they differ, or nothing if all the files are identical.

#!/usr/bin/env python
from itertools import izip

def blockread(f, size=1024):
    while True:
        block = f.read(size)
        if not block:
            break
        yield block

def blockseq(blocks):
    blocks = iter(blocks)
    first = blocks.next()
    for block in blocks:
        if block != first:
            return False
    return True

def byteseq(blocks):
    idx = 0
    for idx, bytes in enumerate(izip(*blocks)):
        if not blockseq(bytes):
            return idx
    else:
        # this shouldn't happen
        return idx + 1

def firstdiff(generators):
    offset = 0
    for blocks in izip(*generators):
        if not blockseq(blocks):
            break
        offset += len(blocks[0])
    else:
        return None
    return offset + byteseq(blocks)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    import sys
    rval = firstdiff([blockread(file(fn, 'rb')) for fn in sys.argv[1:]])
    if rval is not None:
        print rval
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