Apache X-Forwarded-For caveat
When using Apache's mod_proxy in a reverse proxying scenario, usually you'll want to take a look at the (seemingly undocumented) X-Forwarded-For header. This header contains whatever the client sent for X-Forwarded-For (if anything), plus the remote IP address of the client.
So, if you're trying to do anything with this header, check for commas and pick out the last piece, because the client can send anything they want to, and you shouldn't ever trust the client:
def get_request_ip(request): """get the IP of a request in twisted.web-speak""" host = request.transport.getPeer().host # Twisted doesn't support IPv6 anyway :) if host != "127.0.0.1": return host header = request.received_headers.get('x-forwarded-for', None) if header is None: return host return header.split(',')[-1].strip()
I gleaned this from reading the Apache 2.0.54 source, I couldn't find any description of the behavior of mod_proxy in Apache's docs, only how to configure it. I was surprised that it even preserved what the client sent!